Rectal prolapse occurs when the connection between the rectum and pelvis but not the same as, a rectocele, a common condition in women, where the. Rectal prolapse affects about people out of , Women over 50 are six times more likely than men to have this condition. It's often. Rectal prolapse is when the rectal walls have prolapsed to a degree where they protrude out Rectal prolapse is generally more common in elderly women, although it may occur at any age and in either sex. It is very rarely life-threatening , but.